Fegato alla veneziana (Venetian-Style Calves’ Liver)

 
A good many people have an aversion to organ meats. Perhaps that’s because they are often not very well prepared—overcooking, which tends to accentuate the ‘mineral’ taste of organ meats and toughen their texture, is all too common. Or perhaps it’s just the idea of eating an organ, although why someone would happily eat certain parts of an animal but not others never made much sense to me. 
 
If you fall into the latter category, you might want to just skip this post. But if you belong the first group, or have an open mind on the subject, you might want to try this dish, Venetian-style Calf’s Liver,  which is probably the best known way to prepare calf’s liver in the Italian repertoire. It couples thinly sliced liver with lots of well-caramelized onion, which adds sweetness to balance out the liver’s earthy flavor, and a splash of vinegar, white wine or even lemon juice to balance out the sweetness of the onion. The combination, I think you will agree, is one that was meant to be. 
 
Begin by sautéing thinly sliced onion in a combination of butter and olive oil (or just butter) over medium to medium-low heat in a wide skillet until the onion is well-wilted and very soft. The onion should not color—regulating the heat carefully and add a bit of water or wine and salt will help the wilting process along and prevent browning. 
 
When the onion is ready, push it to the edges of the skillet. Add a bit more olive oil if need be, raise the heat, and add sliced calf’s liver, trimmed and sliced into thin strips, to the skillet. Sauté over lively heat, just until the liver has lost its raw color. Then mix the onions and liver well, adding a handful of finely chopped parsley to the mix and seasoning well with salt and pepper. After a minute or so, remove the liver and onions to a warm serving plate. 
 
Add a good slash of white wine to the skillet and deglaze, scraping up the sucs that will have formed with a wooden spoon or spatula. When the wine has reduced to a syrupy consistency, pour it over liver, sprinkle with some additional chopped parsley and serve immediately.
 
As for measurement, the main point is to use an approximately 1:1 ratio of onion and liver by weight. The flavor of the onion must balance that of the liver, but not to overwhelm it. The rest is entirely a matter of taste. 
 
 
NOTES: The best onion to use for this dish, to my taste, is the white onion, which is mild and sweet. If you are in the US and have access to those sweet Vidalia onions. they work extremely well—and that’s what I used this time. In a pinch, regular old yellow onion will also do fine, just make doubly sure that they are well reduced, which will intensify their natural sweetness. 
 
The original recipe for Venetian-style liver used vinegar rather than white wine. Personally I find that this adds a bit too much astringency to the dish, but no doubt in the old days it was a good way to use wine that had turned and the bolder flavor of vinegar may have been a way to disguise the flavor of less than immaculately fresh liver in the days before refrigeration. (Organ meats are extremely perishable.) In any event, I would suggest you use the freshest liver you can find. A few recipes call for lemon juice, rather than wine or vinegar, something I have yet to try. 
 
Some recipes, by the way, call for liver than has been cut into small pieces rather than strips. But I find the strips give the dish a more delicate flavor—the liver melds more completely with the other ingredients—and makes the liver cook more quickly, which keeps it tender. Liver slices bought at the store often need to be well trimmed of any ‘skin’ left around the edges, If you leave the skin on, the liver will tend to curl up, although cutting it into strips will also help avoid this. You can also make lamb’s liver this way, and it will be very good. Beef liver, however, is a bit too strong for this treatment.
 
The final deglazing of the skillet after having removed the liver and onions is actually my personal take on the dish. The original recipe calls for adding the liquid—be it vinegar, wine, lemon juice, plus, in some recipes, a bit of broth—to the skillet with the liver and onions and allowing the whole to simmer together for a few minutes. But I like my liver still pink inside, so I remove it as soon as it is cooked to my taste. 
 
Some recipes call for you to remove the onions from the skillet before you add the liver, then add it back when the liver is almost done. This avoids any risk of the onion burning, but if you slice the liver into strips, it cooks so quickly there is little risk of that. 
 
The most typical way to serve fegato alla veneziana is with polenta, either warm and soft or cooled, cut into squares and grilled.  In the Veneto, by the way, the usual polenta is made with white polenta flour. Served this way, the dish can be a piatto unico. But if you want to precede your liver with a primo, it is perfectly delicious accompanied by some steamed potatoes or simply by itself, along with some crusty bread to sop up those wonderful juices.
 


The original name of the dish, in Venetian dialect, is figà àea Venessiana.  The dish has a longer history, with antecedents going back to ancient Roman days, when they would combine liver with figs, with the same intention of balancing the flavor of the liver with something sweet.

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9 Responses to “Fegato alla veneziana (Venetian-Style Calves’ Liver)”

  1. 22 March 2011 at 07:40 #

    Hey frank,
    great recipe. I especially enjoyed your well explained understanding of the history and reasoning behind the dish. I think this is just as important as knowing the ingredients and how to cook the dish. Without this understanding were just eating to feel our bellies…although there's nothing wrong with that is there:) that's how the recipe originated in the first place, right?

  2. 19 June 2010 at 18:42 #

    Thanks to all you liver lovers out there!

    @Drick: Gizzards are the next frontier. I've heard that they are delicious cooked slowly in duck fat…

    @Claudine: Sure, the taste of ox liver (aka beef liver) is a bit stronger than veal liver, but you can soak it in milk or buttermilk for a bit to soften the flavor.

    @Emily: Go for it!

  3. 15 June 2010 at 09:10 #

    This is a great recipe! I am quite intimidated about cooking liver, but this may turn me around!

  4. 15 June 2010 at 06:31 #

    Could I substitute ox liver? Calf's liver is almost unheard of here!

  5. 14 June 2010 at 14:54 #

    liver is one of the things you either love or disgust, kinda like gizzards which I love fried super soft …. you have the liver & onions down just perfect – my southern kin would be proud………

  6. 14 June 2010 at 10:02 #

    I love liver and this dish is something I could eat over and over again. Terrific recipe!

  7. 14 June 2010 at 06:40 #

    I love liver – everyone always thought I was a bit strange but it IS good for you – good source of iron…great recipe.

  8. 13 June 2010 at 23:13 #

    beautiful recipe!i use liver in my kitchen,my little boy and my hubby adore it!the liver is very good in the children diet, contains a lot of vitamins and omega 3.

  9. 13 June 2010 at 22:38 #

    love this recipe, brings some great memories…..thanks

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